Editor’s note: The following article is adapted from Dallas Willard’s forward to Invitation to Solitude and Silence (Ruth Haley Barton, 2004). In it he identifies solitude and silence as the most radical disciplines of the Christian life because they require us to release ourselves into God’s hands in very concrete ways. Knowing the particular challenges leaders face, we offer this article as an encouragement for you to say yes to this radical invitation and deepen your own journey into solitude and silence.

Blaise Pascal, the remarkable scientist, theologian and Christian of the seventeenth century, remarked in his Pensees (section 136) that “all the unhappiness of men arises from one single fact, that they cannot stay quietly in their own room.” The reason for this inability, he found, is “the natural poverty of our feeble and mortal condition, so miserable that nothing can comfort us when we think of it closely.” In order not to “think of it closely,” we turn to what Pascal calls “diversion” to distract us from ourselves. “Hence it comes that people so much love noise and stir; hence it comes that the prison is so horrible a punishment; hence it comes that the pleasure of solitude is a thing incomprehensible.”

Pascal also observes that we have “another secret instinct, a remnant of the greatness of our original nature, which teaches that happiness in reality consists only in rest, and not in being stirred up.” This instinct conflicts with the drive to diversion, and we develop the confused idea that leads people to aim at rest through excitement, “and always to fancy that the satisfaction which they do not have will come to them, if, by surmounting whatever difficulties confront them, they can thereby open the door to rest.”

Of course it doesn’t come that way. It is a fallacy to think that all one needs is more time. Unless a deeper solution is found, “more time” will just fill up in the same way as the time we already have. The way to liberation and rest lies through a decision and a practice.

The decision is to release the world and your fate—including your reputation and ‘success’—into the hands of God. This is not a decision to not act at all, though in some situations it may come to that. It is, rather, a decision concerning how you will act: you will act always in dependence upon God. You will not take charge of outcomes. You will do your part, of course, but “your part” will always be chastened by a sense of who is God—not you!

When King Saul assumed the priestly role and offered sacrifices rather than wait for Samuel (I Samuel 13:8­12), he decided to “make things happen.” He trusted the “arm of the flesh” or natural abilities to get his way. With almost no exception that was the way of the kings in the Old Testament. But it isn’t just for kings. The choice to do what we know to be wrong is always of this nature.

For leaders, a decision to release the world and our fate to God runs contrary to everything within and around us. We have been “had” by a system of behavior that was here before we got here and seeps into every pore of our being. “Sin,” Paul tells us, “was in the world,” even before Law came. It is a massive social presence that forms us internally as well as pressures us externally. Hence we must find help. We must learn to choose things we can do that will meet with God’s actions of grace to break us out of the system that permeates us. These ‘things’ are the disciplines for life in the Spirit, well­ known from Christian history, but much avoided and misunderstood. For those who do not understand our desperate situation, these disciplines look strange or even harmful. But they are absolutely necessary for those who would find rest for their soul in God, and not live the distracted existence Pascal so accurately portrays.

The leader who is capable of “staying quietly in their own room” is (barring some abnormal condition) a person who has found a good that is sufficient to them and is unthreatened by anything that might happen. The tendencies to take charge of the world that inhabited their physical and spiritual dimensions no longer have power to govern them or upset them. They have learned by experience and grace that all is perfectly safe in God’s hands. Now they can be active, if that is called for, but even then they act with settled love, joy and peace.

Solitude and silence are the most radical of the disciplines for the spiritual life, because they most directly attack the sources of human misery and wrong­doing. To be in solitude is to choose to do nothing. For extensive periods of time. All accomplishment is given up. One learns “hands off.” Silence is required to complete solitude, for until we enter quietness, including not listening and speaking, the world still lays hold of us. When we go into solitude and silence we even stop making demands upon God. It is enough that God is God and we are His. We learn that we have a soul, that God is here, that this world is “my Father’s world.”

When we practice solitude and silence adequately, this knowledge of God progressively replaces the rabid busyness and self­importance that drives most human beings, including religious leaders.    It comes to possess us no matter where we are. We no longer need to be in outward solitude and silence in order for them to be in us. Now, “Whatever we do, in word or deed, we do in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.” (Col. 3:17) And that is not another job on top of everything else we have to do. It is not, really, something we have to think to do. For it is who we have become. We still need to attend to solitude and silence, cultivate it, and
from time to time renew its depth and strength by going alone and being quiet. But we carry them with us wherever we go.

In the contemporary context (especially the religious context) someone needs to tell us about solitude and silence—just to let us know there are such things. Someone then needs to tell us its okay to enter them. Someone needs to tell us how to do it, what will happen when we do, and how we go on from there.

If you would really like to know the “rest appropriate for the people of God” (Heb. 4:9), then make the decision to leave all outcomes to God and enter the practice of solitude and silence. As you do so, call upon Jesus to be with you, and trust him. In a relatively short period of time you will come to know the “rest unto your souls” promised by him who is meek and lowly of heart. It will become the easy and unshakeable foundation for your life and your death.

From Invitation to Solitude and Silence by Ruth Haley Barton. Copyright (c) 2004 by Ruth Haley Barton. Used with permission from InterVarsity Press. www.ivpress.com. All rights reserved. Dallas Willard is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern California. He is the best­selling author of over thirty publications including Spirit of the Disciplines, The Divine Conspiracy, and Renovation of the Heart.

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